Towards Robust and Scalable Large Language Models


Paras Jain

EECS Department
University of California, Berkeley
Technical Report No. UCB/EECS-2023-163
May 12, 2023

This dissertation addresses two significant challenges of large language models (LLMs): robustness and scalability. Firstly, we focus on improving large language model robustness through the lens of learning code representations. I highlight our work on ContraCode which learns representations of code that are robust to label-preserving edits. Secondly, we tackle scalability challenges from a systems perspective. We present Checkmate, a system to support training models beyond GPU memory capacity limits through optimal rematerialization. Furthermore, Skyplane, a system that optimizes bulk data transfers between cloud object stores, enables training models on larger pre-training datasets in the cloud. Together, these contributions present a roadmap for enhancing the robustness and scalability of large language models.

Advisor: Ion Stoica and Joseph Gonzalez

Author Comments: Updated manuscript at

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